synchronised swimming

What is artistic (or synchronised) swimming?

We have come a long way since the aquatic ballets of the 1930s... A complete, demanding and graceful discipline: I give you artistic swimming!

How to do synchronised swimming

Does the term synchronised swimming—or artistic swimming as it is now called—mean anything to you? When you think about this sport, your mind may jump to swimmers with glittering swimsuits and heavy make-up…

But there's more to artistic swimming than meets the eye. Dive with us into a sport that requires endurance, strength, flexibility, and a sense of rhythm!

synchronised swimming

What is artistic swimming?

Artistic swimming, formerly called synchronised swimming, is most akin to dancing in the water. The athletes must be synchronised on the same choreography, by linking technical figures, artistic effects and acrobatic lifts: somersaults, spins, splits… the teams invent new and ever more impressive combinations every year.

A number of the moves, movements and figures have strange names: support sculling, the dolphin arch, the barracuda thrust, the fishtail, the flamingo... In synchro, the principle is always the same: synchro swimmers the will always try to be as high above the water as possible; upside down with support sculling, head above the water with eggbeating, and horizontally with sculling.

synchronised swimming

Artistic swimming vs race swimming

In artistic swimming as in race swimming there's no surprise that the main similarity is the medium: water! Gliding capability is also essential in both disciplines.

The common points stop there; synchro and race swimming remain different sports. For example, in race swimming, you always move horizontally, while in synchro, swimmers are more often head down or head up, so rather on a vertical axis (thanks to support sculling and eggbeating).

Also, swimmers in race swimming will use their movements and muscles to pull themselves through the water, exhaling as much as possible in the water. In synchro, the water is used to propel yourself, you hold your breath underwater, and flexibility is essential! National teams also work with physical trainers to combine the power and flexibility of their muscles.

The last major difference between the two disciplines: the others! In artistic swimming, except for solo events, swimmers are always surrounded by their team-mates, while in race swimming, each swimmer has their own lane. And also… who has ever seen race swimmers put on a sequinned swimsuit or swim to the beat of the music?

synchronised swimming

Artistic swimming events, is it dancing in the water?

There are several types of events depending on the number of swimmers on the team; and yes, artistic swimming is for men too! Although artistic swimming is a predominantly female sport, FINA (International Swimming Federation) has opened its doors to men by allowing them to compete in international competitions since the 2015 World Championships.

At present, male swimmers are only allowed to take part in mixed duet events at national championships, European championships and World championships.

But let's come back to the different types of events in artistic swimming: solo, duet (female or mixed), team (with 8 competitors), combination (with 10), and highlight (with 10).

synchronised swimming Virginie Dedieu

Why choose artistic swimming?

If you're comfortable in the water and dance when you hear music, why not take the plunge and try out artistic swimming? It's a full-body sport that requires and develops several capacities at the same time: cardio, strength, breathing control, flexibility… In addition, because it is practised in water, it is gentle on the joints and spine, because it is a low-impact sport!

Artistic swimming also calls upon your mental capacities: memorising the choreography and the figures, spatial awareness and moving to music… It's a sport that develops team spirit, concentration and self-discipline to a high degree. Quite a programme!

synchronised swimming Virginie Dedieu

What is the profile for an artistic swimmer?

This discipline would suit anyone who feels comfortable in the water and who loves music, girl or boy, at any age! The younger you start, the easier it is to learn. Some clubs offer learning to swim and then orient swimmers towards artistic swimming. Ideally you should know how to swim before you start; but you don't have to be an expert.

There's no need to master the four strokes (breaststroke, crawl, backstroke and butterfly) to start synchro. Learning to swim is part of the training; swimming allows swimmers to warm up and work on their cardio. Some clubs accept baby-synchro groups from 6 years old. Beginner adult classes are more rare, but it is possible to start as a beginner for fun!

How to do synchronised swimming

The advice of Virginie Dedieu, triple world champion, valid at any age and for any category.

Anything is possible! You have to believe in your dreams. Believe in them and work hard, that's the secret!

Perseverance and hard graft are what it takes. You also have to trust yourself, and let time take its course: Just because you don't nail a figure one day doesn't mean you'll never get it right. You have to keep working, practising over and over, and it will come!

You have to give yourself the time to get there.

synchronised swimming Virginie Dedieu

What equipment do i need to start artistic swimming?which swimsuit for synchronised swimming?

To get you started, a swimsuit, a cap, some goggles and a nose clip are all you need!

More specialised equipment such as competition swimsuits and headpieces are provided by clubs or can be purchased in addition during the year.

Which swimsuit for synchronised swimming?
Ideally, for synchronised swimming, you need a swimsuit with a high cut around the hips that offers good freedom of movement. What's more, this shape makes your legs look longer and your figures look higher! This same V-shape is often found at the base of the back. Let's talk about the back. The back is open and bare, providing maximum freedom of movement, but with straps that are both attractive and provide a firm hold for the swimmer's bust. The base of the straps is wide for greater comfort. They are narrower at the top, creating an original back that does not harm the shoulders!

At what age can i start artistic swimming?

There's no age limit to start synchro swimming: it's never too late! If you are comfortable in the water and want to give it a try, do it! More and more clubs offer time slots for all age groups, from the very young to adults, even beginners. Learning will be easier if you start at an early age... as in any discipline. But with persistence and hard work, you'll progress.

In general, clubs accept children from 6 or 7 years old, sometimes younger for certain clubs. Obviously, it will be easier to start synchro in good conditions if the future swimmer is already comfortable in the water: if you're not afraid, and know how to put your head underwater, etc., that's already an advantage! It is also possible to start artistic swimming a little later, around the age of 8, and access high-level teams if your child has practised somewhat similar activities, such as dance, gymnastics, or rhythmic sports gymnastics ... these kinds of activities have something in common with the synchro: they develop flexibility, core strength, tone, sense of rhythm... so they help as well!

But note one thing: Just because your child is 9 years old and has never played another sport does not mean they should be prevented from joining a synchro swimming club! In many clubs there are so-called “recreational” groups which do not take part in competitions, or which take part in county or regional competitions only; the level of these groups is generally more accessible and less demanding than that of high-level groups. There are also clubs that offer introductory courses to learn the basics of synchro and put on “shows”, highlighting artistic creativity! That's another facet of our discipline, a bit like mermaid swimming… In short, artistic swimming is not only about competitions and technique: you can also practice in a more fun way and find pleasure in different aspects of the sport.

what age for artistic swimming

And what about male synchronised swimming? where are the fellas?

Men's synchronised swimming. A combination that sometimes causes surprise. Because some have the image of synchronised swimming being an exclusively female discipline. But is that really the case?

Where to do synchronised swimming

Now you know everything you need to know to get you started in artistic swimming! So, are you ready to take the plunge?

Camille Adam synchro swimming


I was 9 years old when I discovered synchronised swimming. It was my mum who signed me up: I liked to do shows, I was very comfortable in the water, and fascinated by anything to do with glitter... And it quickly became very clear that synchronised swimming and I were in it for the long run! I love the type of effort that this discipline requires: core strength, breathing control, being able to move in every direction and dimension, moving, smiling... plus the teamwork of course—it's amazing how strong a team can be! Helping one another, support, perseverance, perfectionism, stress management: synchro has been the best school of life for me, whether as a swimmer or as a coach. 

You may also be interested in these articles

What equipment do you need for synchronised swimming?

What equipment do you need for synchronised swimming?

Swimsuit, swim cap, goggles, nose clip… Here's the equipment you need to make the most of this highly demanding discipline!